Despite the deadline gaining on you, your mind may remain blank as you try writing an analytical essay regarding political and economic development in third world countries. One of the biggest issues you may face is being unable to come up with a worthwhile topic. We know how frustrating this can be for students, especially since there are hundreds of online guides detailing how to write analytical essays but almost nothing on topics. Luckily, inspiration for your next essay is just a few lines away.
The following list of 20 topics related to political and economic development in the third world will help you craft a great analytical essay and learn a lot about the subject.
- Failure of Economic Development Strategies Which Ignore Cultural Dimensions
- Improving Taxpayer Compliance in the Third World and Acceleration of Economic Development in the Third World
- Sustainable Development in Developing Countries through Eradicating Poverty
- Successful Green Development Programs in the Third World: Changing Focus on Helping the Poorest Sectors of the Population
- Solar Energy Usage in the Third World
- The Implications of Rapid and Unplanned Urbanization in Developing Countries
- Greater Gender Equity to Improving Health and Education in Developing Countries
- Reducing Poverty and Improving Education to Curb Extremism in the Third World
- Viable Solutions for the Third World Energy Crisis
- Averting a Long-Term Food Crisis in the Developing World
- The Political Effects of Strengthening Essential Public Sector Institutions
- Types of Political Institutions Third World Countries Need
- The Implications of Gender Inequality in Education on Third World Economic Development
- The Significant Welfare Losses Sustained by the Third World Due to Transnational Crime
- Ways the Free Market Ideology Harms Subsistence Farmers in Developing Countries
- The Role of Information Technology in Helping Enhance Gender Equality in Developing Nations and Improving Long-Term Economic Growth
- How a Strong Media Sector Acts as a Viable Strategy for Stabilizing the Politics of the Third World
- Social and Cultural Exclusion in the Third World
- How Technology Adoption is Changing the Third World
- The Challenges of Ending Hunger in Poor Nations
Some of these are pretty broad, but you can focus on specific themes or countries if you want. Just make sure the topic is relevant and useful. Feel free to use any of these topics as is or as inspiration to come up with your own. The references at the end of this guide includes plenty of sources which can be used to research these specific topics.
If you are still stuck despite deciding on a topic, we have more reference materials for you. Our 23 facts on political and economic development in the third world plus the guide on writing an analytical essay about it will get you started. Additionally, the following example can get your creativity to flow and help you with your upcoming essay.
Sample Analytical Essay: The Implications of Gender Inequality in Education on Third World Economic Development
Denying the chance to be educated is a violation of an intrinsic human right. This, however, is exactly what happens to young girls in most of the underdeveloped countries of the world. Young females face exclusion in all levels of education and are at a significant disadvantage as compared to boys. What local societies in underdeveloped countries fail to understand, though, is that they can break out of the perpetual cycle of poverty if their female population is properly educated.
Global humanitarian programs have traditionally focused on ensuring primary education at the least for the growing female population in the third world. New research, however, indicates that education throughout adolescence is the best way to ensure economic growth. While this is a difficult goal which will require a lot of resources, commitment and innovative thinking, the benefits nations will reap are more than worth the effort.
Educated women help their families flourish. They are in a better position to make more informed decisions about their families, the latter which are considered the bases of modern society. Moreover, if allowed to enter the workforce, they can contribute to the annual income of their households and even positively impact the economy. Therefore, it is safe to say that education paves the road for women to become active members of society.
Another way education can help is by empowering women to stand up for their basic rights. Women in third world countries have to deal with domestic abuse, discriminatory laws, and the lack of equal employment opportunities. All these issues lead to women feeling powerless. Education, however, can give them the confidence they need to take control of their lives. As they will be capable of joining the workforce, they will not need to depend on their spouses for every single thing or bear with their oppressive behaviors.
The right kind of education and mentorship will further help females recognize their strengths and take on leadership roles at a young age. Empowering women through education allows them to confidently interact with members of the society around them and may even motivate them to participate in the political process as well.
Another significant advantage offered by investing in educating young women is addressing climate change. One of the most effective strategies which can be used to limit carbon emissions is to control population growth. Research indicates that educating women slows down population growth. In fact, the difference between a woman who has 12 years of schooling and one who has no education is about 4 to 5 children per woman.
This basic right needs to be guaranteed, especially in regions where conflicts and emergencies occur. Parents should never have to face the choice of educating a girl or keeping her out of harm’s way. Girls living in countries where violence is the norm are often kept out of schools. Such regions need to be especially targeted by international efforts. The psychological and social well-being of girls living in such difficult situations depends on those efforts.
This is just a simple draft to inspire you. Remember to use the references below to add more information and facts to your essay or else your instructor will be stingy while grading your essay.
- Sperling, G., Winthrop, R., & Kwauk, C. What works in girls’ education.
- McMichael, P. (2012). Development and social change. Los Angeles: SAGE.
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization,. Culture, Economic Development and the Third World (p. 8). Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
- Bird, R., & Casanegra de Jantscher, M. (1992). Improving tax administration in developing countries. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
- Di John, J. (2006) The Political Economy of Taxation and Tax Reform in Developing Countries, World Institute of Development Economics Research (WIDER) Research Paper No. 2006/74, Helsinki: United Nations University-WIDER.
- Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda)http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/documents/WSSD_POI_PD/English/WSSD_PlanImpl.pdf
- Kaufmann, Daniel (2006), “Media, Governance and Development,” Keynote Presentation, UNESCO World Press Freedom Day Meeting.
- The World Bank,. (2016). Gender Equality and Economic Development The Role for Information and Communication Technologies. Washington DC: The Knowledge for Development Program of the World Bank Institute.
- Magdoff, F. (2008). The World Food Crisis: Sources and Solutions. Monthly Review. Retrieved 3 March 2016, from http://monthlyreview.org/2008/05/01/the-world-food-crisis-sources-and-solutions/
- Patrick, S. (2012). The Internationalist » How Transnational Crime Hinders Development—and What to Do About It. Council on Foreign Relations – The Internationalist. Retrieved 3 March 2016, from http://blogs.cfr.org/patrick/2012/06/26/how-transnational-crime-hinders-development-and-what-to-do-about-it/
- Political Institutions, a., Pereira, C., & Teles, V. (2011). Political Institutions, Economic Growth, and Democracy: The Substitute Effect. The Brookings Institution. Retrieved 3 March 2016, from http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2011/01/19-political-institutions-pereira
- worldbank.org,. (2016). Poverty Analysis – Haiti: The Challenges of Poverty Reduction. Retrieved 3 March 2016
- Packer, G. (2016). The Megacity. The New Yorker, (2006 ISSUE). Retrieved from http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2006/11/13/the-megacity
- United Nations, (2015). 2015 Human Development Report Retrieved from http://report.hdr.undp.org/
- Adams, W. (2009). Green development. London: Routledge.
- World Economic Forum,. (2016). Global Risks.Retrieved from http://reports.weforum.org/global-risks-2015/part-2-risks-in-focus/2-3-city-limits-the-risks-of-rapid-and-unplanned-urbanization-in-developing-countries/#view/fn-6
- Pendse, D. (1979). The energy crisis and Third World options. Third World Quarterly, 1(4), 69-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597908419461
- Alan B. Krueger and Jitka Maleckova, “Education, Poverty and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?” Journal of Economic Perspectives 17 (Fall 2003):119-44
- “World Economic Outlook, April 2015, p.48” (PDF). Retrieved 2015-04-11.
- Money market. (2016). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/topic/money-market/The-money-markets-of-other-countries
- Verspoor, Adriaan. “Pathways to Change: Improving the Quality of Education in Developing Countries. World Bank Discussion Papers 53.” (n.d.)
- Global Financial Integrity, “Transnational Crime in the Developing World”,2011
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Most developing nation’s citizens want to improve their life standard, they will continuous to learn and accept help for changing their life standard. International institutions were willing to helping searching, building peaceful solutions and find ways of resolving this problem. It supports lead the governments and citizens become more democracy and come close with market economy around the world. Afterwards developing nation’s citizens are raising their educational levels, societal modernization and self-expression values. People growing and changing and produce suspicion democratic institutions of governance quality and become rejection of autocracy. The organization of institutions and governance operation or practice has been unable to meet the needs of the grassroots, the democratic aspirations level result under the international standard it termed the democratic deficit. Furthermore, many developing countries people discover international institutions similar as a tool of large companies help special of transnational corporations with imposing free-market trade policies. It trend make benefit for the developed country and damaging the interests of developing countries. If suddenly economic crisis and internal conflict was happen. Some people who not to know what to do in this turbulent environment. For this reason the developing nations citizens to be willing to go backwards to accept democratic governments autocracy to find a sense of security in their life. The independency and dominator behavior look like a circulatory system become unending.
Evaluating the degree of economic development of developing nations, most commonly use Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross National Product (GNP), and low Human Development Index (HDI)(CAWTO 2013).The developing nations compare with other countries the income level, level of industrialization and general standard of living index both low then other countries. These developing nations’ local people and government have not sufficient knowledge and technique to lead the countries become modernization. Also, developing nations were existing conflicts within countries. The incorporating or countering democratic deficits argument These conflicts is direct destroy development and leading to gross violations of human rights. International institutions the role are supporting minority government, organization and citizen who were affected by the local political conflict. The institutions were helping, research and building peaceful solutions and find ways of resolving their differences without violence. It was providing training, advice and support to the developing nations (AMS 2015). Such as Angola, Korea, Dem. Rep, India, and South Africa .The institutions focus in research and advice to the developing nations. Teach them how to reform their policies and skill to development analysis economic environment and training on technical. To consolidate relationships between citizens and the government increase local peace and decrease the local political conflict, advice governments on how to support the freedoms needed for a vibrant civil society. Also the institutions try to empower local people, including women young people and businesses to understand the economic situation. Pass through this help to ensure these developing nations have enough strategies and skill to face into the globalization economy. Help and lead developing nations people improve and increasing their life standard become better way.
International Institutions such as World Trade Organization (WTO 2015), in 2014 has 160 members around the world. WTO focus on attempting to complete agreements are negotiated and signed by the mass of the world’s trading nations and approved in their house of councilors with on addressing the needs of developing countries .For developed countries signed and concern for free trade agreements between industrial product and services but keep of protectionism on farm allowance to domestic agricultural sector(WTO 2015), For developing countries signed the verify of the international liberalization of fair trade on agricultural goods (Hoekman B and Michel M 1996). The objective is to help manufacturer conduct their business between goods and services, exporters, and importers.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has 34 member countries span the globe (OECD 2015). It provides a forum to promote policies to motivate the economic, social and environmental changing. To advocate each government can share experiences and work together and seek solutions to common problems. The setting of government compare policy, helping answers to common problems, can identify best practice international policies. Such as support continued economic growth, increase employment, increases the citizen’s living standards, helping other countries’ who are economic development and promote to growth in world trade. The above organizations are support lead the governments become more democracy and come close with market economy around the world.
There are many international institutions whose programmers and policies affect developing countries integration into international trading system (Constantine 2001). Such as WTO and International Trade Centre focus exclusively on trade, World Bank and UNDP focus within trade related activities. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTD) focuses on trade and development at policy analysis level. These international institutions meetings bring the main message are the evidence and analyses presented corporate governance matters for national development such as of Brazil, Chile, India, and South Africa (Oman 2003). It show that developing countries has a importance role being a corporate governance in helping both to increase the financial capital and to improve those countries’ financial development as a whole.
However, the international institutions many help for theirs developing nations why the difficult position and democratic deficit have not disappear within the developing nations. The Causes of the Democratic Deficit are raising educational levels, societal modernization and self-expression values of citizens (Pippa 2011). The citizens and the government have different level of performance expectation. This organization’s operation or practice has been unable to meet the needs of the grassroots. Such as, negative news about government, shortfalls in government particularly process and policy performance. Therefore, make people feel decline in confidence and unpeaceful of the government. This reflected in people suspicion democratic institutions of governance quality and the rejection of autocracy. When the democratic aspirations level result under the international standard it termed the Democratic deficit.
As well some scholar was publish assay comment that, to achieve endure productivity increase and continued democratic political institutions must start from improved the country’s governance ability. To achieve the highest sustainable economic growth, citizen’s contribution is the main part to help the economic growth. Give people what they want satisfied and achieve they hope is the main way, rising standard of living and pay close attention to labor right(Virginia A. and Daniel W 2006). Labor request the fair return within the contribution of economic growth .In fact, within the improved corporate governance process, generality the international equity flows to corporations in developing countries. Indeed, even at the height international concern for corporate governance in the emerging-market economies is little attention was given to corporate governance in other developing countries, especially the smaller and poorer ones.
Furthermore, many developing countries worker represent assert that WTO agreements threaten their jobs it is because increase import labor competition. And WTO similar as a tool of large business help special of multinational business with imposing free-market trade policies it trend make benefit for the developed country and damaging the interests of developing countries .So WTO is determine exploitative employers, undemocratic, unbalanced, corrupt, or illegitimate(Jones 2004). Those are the main influence of economic and political spheres of developing nations.
In fact, some developing nations were trying their best to get out from difficult position of economic and independency of democracy. Such as Chile’s economic and political spheres are more advanced than many country, but the political sphere problem just solve in recent. Since the debt crisis, Brazil the end both of the country imports replaces industrialization development strategy and military dictatorship. The early 1990s, India has effectively being move to a more open and friendly market economy with other country to get out from long been a political democracy. South Africa Corporation’s long-term investment finance was directly provided by state governance systems (Oman 2003).But now those country policies similar were more open and democratic economic. They look forward to abolition of apartheid, challenging undemocratic political governance .Why, the result in today the problems still unsettled and solve. It is because actuality the developing nations have not enough experience and technique self-reliant to fact the globalization economic, they still solely depend on a third party.
The suddenly economic crisis or internal conflict was happen in the poorest societies of the world. The democratic governments and citizens were lacking with experience in democracy, low-income economies and post-conflict divided societies.
This fragile state was no historical experience to face the basic public services such as problems of food security and clean water scarcity and threatens new humanitarian disasters in low-lying coastal still have delivering obstacles. In this complex and difficult environment, developing nation’s governments and citizens raising doubts about whether the world can achieve development international institutions goals and continues to fight for democratization. There is no perfect approach to enhancing developing countries ‘ governance. The international institutions look like have tight relationship with big international corporations between parts of free-market trade policies. Those uncleanly global situation cause developing nations citizens to be willing to go backwards to accept democratic governments autocracy to find a sense of security in their life. The independency and dominator behavior look like a circulatory system become unending.