Chicago Style Unpublished Dissertation

Chicago Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed., 2017) provides extensive instructions for two different citation systems:

Chicago Notes and Bibliography style (sometimes called "Chicago A") uses footnotes or endnotes supplemented by a concluding bibliography. This style is commonly used by scholars in the fields of history and the humanities. This format is discussed at length in chapter 14 of the Manual.

Chicago Author/Date style (sometimes called "Chicago B") uses parenthetical or in-text references containing author last name and date of publication, with full bibliographical detail given in a concluding reference list. This style is used more often in the sciences, and is discussed at length in chapter 15 of the Manual.

The manual is kept at the Reference Desk in Mullins Library:

University of Chicago Press. The Chicago Manual of Style. 17th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.
Ref Desk Z 253 .U69 2017.
(Also available online to current students, faculty, and staff.)

Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (8th ed. 2013) provides a simplified guide to using the citation format from the Chicago Manual .

"Turabian" can be found at the Reference Desk in Mullins Library:

Turabian, Kate. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 8th ed. Revised by Wayne C. Booth et al. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.
Ref Desk LB 2269 .T8 2013.

Electronic Formats

Elements you will need for electronic citations include either a DOI ( Digital Object Identifier) or URL. Read more about DOIs.

Access dates are largely optional, unless the date of publication or revision cannot be determined from the online source. More about access dates in citations can be found in section 14:12 of the Manual. We have included access dates in our examples, below, as some publishers require them.

Chicago Style Examples

Below are some examples of Chicago Notes and Bibliography (sometimes called "Chicago A") and Chicago Author-Date (sometimes called "Chicago B") style for common publication formats. You may also wish to consult our links to online help pages or the Chicago Quick Style Guide for additional information.

Article in a scholarly journal

Print Article in a scholarly journal

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, specific pages to be cited if not the entire article)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal volume, no. # (date) : pages of entire article.

Adams, Charles H. "Reading Ecologically: Language and Play in Bartram's Travels."The Southern Quarterly 32, no. 4 (Summer 1994): 65-74.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Journal volume (issue): pages of entire article.

Adams, Charles H. 1994. "Reading Ecologically: Language and Play in Bartram's Travels." The Southern Quarterly 32 (4): 65-74.

Back to examples list

Electronic Article in a scholarly journal

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, specific pages to be cited if not the entire article)

(Goodman-Strauss 2005, 119)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal volume, no. # (date) : pages of entire article. Accessed Month day, year. URL or DOI expressed as a URL.

Goodman-Strauss, Chaim. "A Strongly Aperiodic Set of Tiles in the Hyperbolic Plane." Inventiones Mathematicae 159 (2005): 119-132. Accessed January 26, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00222-004-0384-1.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Journal volume (issue): pages of entire article. Accessed Month day, year. URL or DOI expressed as a URL.

Goodman-Strauss, Chaim. 2005. "A Strongly Aperiodic Set of Tiles in the Hyperbolic Plane." Inventiones Mathematicae 159: 119-132. Accessed January 26, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00222-004-0384-1

Back to examples list

Article in a Popular Magazine

Print Article in a Popular Magazine

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, Month day, year, pages.

Jones, Malcolm. "True Lit." Newsweek, December 20, 2010, 55-7.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. year. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, Month day.

Jones, Malcolm. 2010. "True Lit." Newsweek, December 20.

Back to examples list

Electronic Article in a Popular Magazine

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, Month day, year, pages (if available). Accessed Month day, year. URL or Darabase.

Jones, Malcolm. "True Lit." Newsweek, December 08, 2010. Accessed January 26, 2011. http://www.newsweek.com/2010/12/09/did-you-know-that-true-grit-is-a-book-too.html.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. year. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, Month day. Accessed Month day, year. URL or DOI expressed as a URL.

Jones, Malcolm. 2010. "True Lit." Newsweek, December 08. Accessed January 26, 2011. http://www.newsweek.com/2010/12/09/did-you-know-that-true-grit-is-a-book-too.html.

Back to examples list

Article in a Newspaper

Print Article in a Newspaper

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

Chicago style suggests that bibliography entries are not usually needed for individual newspaper articles, since most of the necessary information can be gleaned from the notes or in-text citations. These examples would be for a more formal bibliography. See section 14: 203-213 of the Manual for more information.

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author First Name Author Last Name. "Article Title." Title of Newspaper, Month Day Year. [Edition can be supplied, if available], [section and page numbers can be supplied, but are not required].

Gorman, James. "Deep in the Swamp, an 'Extinct' Woodpecker Lives." New York Times, April 29, 2005. Late Edition - Final, sec. A18.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author First Name Author Last Name. year. "Article Title." Title of Newspaper, Month Day. [Edition can be supplied, if available], [section and page numbers can be supplied, but are not required].

Gorman, James. 2005. "Deep in the Swamp, an 'Extinct' Woodpecker Lives." New York Times, April 29. Late Edition - Final, sec. A18.

Back to examples list

Electronic Article in a Newspaper

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

Chicago style suggests that bibliography entries are not usually needed for individual newspaper articles, since most of the necessary information can be gleaned from the notes or in-text citations. These examples would be for a more formal bibliography. See section 14: 203-213 of the Manual for more information.

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author First Name Author Last Name. "Article Title." Title of Newspaper, Month Day Year, [Edition can be supplied, if available]. URL.

Gorman, James. "Deep in the Swamp, an 'Extinct' Woodpecker Lives." New York Times, April 29, 2005. Late Edition - Final. http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic/.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author First Name Author Last Name. Year. "Article Title." Title of Newspaper, Month Day. [Edition can be supplied, if available]. URL.

Gorman, James. 2005. "Deep in the Swamp, an 'Extinct' Woodpecker Lives." New York Times, April 29. Late Edition - Final. http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic/

Back to examples list

Review

Print Review

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Reviewer Last Name, Reviewer First Name. Review of Title of Work Being Reviewed, by Author's First Name Author's Last Name. Journal or Magazine Name volume, issue (Year or Month Year or Month, Day Year): pages.

Denby, David. Review of True Grit (film), directed by Joel and Ethan Coen. New Yorker 86, no. 45 (January 24, 2011): 16.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author First Name Author Last Name. Year. Review of Title of Work Being Reviewed, by Author's First Name Author's Last Name. Journal or Magazine Name volume (issue): pages.

Denby, David. 2011. Review of True Grit (film), directed by Joel and Ethan Coen. New Yorker 86 (45): 16.

Back to examples list

Electronic Review

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citation:

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Reviewer Last Name, Reviewer First Name. Review of Title of Work Being Reviewed, by Author's First Name Author's Last Name. Journal or Magazine Name volume, issue (Year or Month Year or Month, Day Year): pages. Accessed Month day, year. URL or DOI expressed as a URL.

Nochimson, Martha. Review of Winter's Bone (film), directed by Debra Granik. Cineaste 36, no. 1 (Winter 2010): 52-54. Accessed January 27, 2011. http://0-search.ebscohost.com.library.uark.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=55609581&site=ehost-live.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. Review of Title of Work Being Reviewed, by Author's First Name Author's Last Name. Journal or Magazine Name volume (issue): pages. Accessed Month day, year. URL or DOI expressed as a URL.

Nochimson, Martha. 2010. Review of Winter's Bone, directed by Debra Granik. Cineaste 36 (1) 52-54. Accessed January 27, 2011. http://0-search.ebscohost.com.library.uark.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=55609581&site=ehost-live.

Back to examples list

Entire Book

Print Book

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, page numbers)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of Book. Place: Publisher, year.

Cochran, Robert. Our Own Sweet Sounds: A Celebration of Popular Music in Arkansas. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1996.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. Title of Book. Place: Publisher.

Cochran, Robert. 1996. Our Own Sweet Sounds: A Celebration of Popular Music in Arkansas. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press.

Back to examples list

Electronic Book

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, page numbers)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of Book. Place: Publisher, year. Accessed Month day, year. URL or Database.

Heywood, Thomas, The Life of Merlin. London: Printed by J. Okes, 1641. Accessed January 15, 2011. http://eebo.chadwyck.com/.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. Title of Book. Place: Publisher. Accessed Month day, year. URL or DOI expressed as a URL.

Heywood, Thomas. 1641. The Life of Merlin. London: Printed by J. Okes. Accessed January 15, 2011. http://eebo.chadwyck.com/.

Back to examples list

Book Chapter

Print Book Chapter

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, page numbers)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author First Name. "Title of Chapter." In Title of Book, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of chapter. Place: Publisher, year.

Marren, Susan M. "Between Slavery and Freedom: The Transgressive Self in Olaudah Equiano's Autobiography." In Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800: Volume 143, 129-138. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale, 2008.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author First Name. Year. "Title of Chapter." In Title of Book, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of chapter. Place: Publisher.

Marren, Susan M. 2008. "Between Slavery and Freedom: The Transgressive Self in Olaudah Equiano's Autobiography." In Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800: Volume 143, 129-138. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale.

Back to examples list

Electronic Book Chapter

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, page numbers)

(Roosa and Hanka 2008, 81-112)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author First Name. "Title of Chapter." In Title of Book,ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of chapter. Place: Publisher, year. Accessed Month day, year. URL or Database.

Roosa, Stephen and Matt Hanka. "The Environment and Sustainable Development." In Sustainable Development Handbook. ed Stephen Roosa, 81-112. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2008. Accessed January 26, 2011. http://www.knovel.com/.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author First Name. Year. "Title of Chapter." In Title of Book, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of chapter. Place: Publisher. Accessed Month day, year. URL or Database.

Roosa, Stephen and Matt Hanka. 2008. "The Environment and Sustainable Development." In Sustainable Development Handbook. ed Stephen Roosa, 81-112. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Accessed January 26, 2011. http://www.knovel.com/.

Back to examples list

Entry in a Reference Source

In section 14.247, the Manual suggests that "well-known" reference works such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica are normally cited only in notes and not listed in a bibliography. Less famous reference works should still be listed in a bibliography.

Authors have some discretion in citing entries from reference sources. For reference works with signed entries or chapters by different authors, one can create a citation similar to that for a book chapter. For well known reference works without authors for individual entries, such as the Oxford English Dictionary, one can use the title of the work and "s.v." (Latin for "under the word"). When in doubt consult the Manual section 14.247.

Print Entry in a Reference Source

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, page numbers)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Entry Author Last Name, Entry Author First Name. "Title of Entry." In Title of Book, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of entry. Place: Publisher, year.

Chism, Stephen. "Lessie Stringfellow Read." In Arkansas Biography. ed. Nancy Williams, 233-4. Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Press, 2000.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Entry Author Last Name, Entry Author First Name. Year. "Title of Entry." In Title of Book, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of entry. Place: Publisher.

Chism, Stephen. 2000. "Lessie Stringfellow Read." In Arkansas Biography, ed. Nancy Williams, 233-4. Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Press.

Back to examples list

Electronic Entry in a Reference Source

Authors have some discretion in citing entries in online reference sources. One can use the title of the web site or resource and "s.v." (Latin for "under the word") or treat the citation more like a book chapter with an author. When in doubt consult the Manual section 14.248.

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

or

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Title of reference work, year if available)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Entry Author Last Name, Entry Author First Name. "Title of Entry." In Title of Resource. Accessed Month day, year. URL or Database.

"Campephilus principalis." In Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed January 26, 2011. http://www.eol.org/pages/917243.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Entry Author Last Name, Entry Author First Name. Year. "Title of Entry." In Title of Work. Accessed Month day, year. URL or Database.

"Campephilus principalis." 2011. In Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed January 26, 2011. http://www.eol.org/pages/917243.

Back to examples list

Published Conference Paper

Print Published Conference Paper

Published conference papers are treated much like book chapters.

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, page numbers)

(Leh and Bajwa 2007, 419-23)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Paper Author Last Name, Paper Author First Name. "Title of Paper." In Title of Conference, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of paper. Place: Publisher, year.

Leh, M.D. and S.G. Bajwa. "Land Use Change in NW Arkansas: Implications for Runoff Potential on the West Fork Watershed." In IEEE Region 5 Technical Conference, 2007, ed. Vasundara V. Varadan, 419-23. Piscataway, N.J. : IEEE, 2007.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Paper Author Last Name, Paper Author First Name. Year. "Title of Paper." In Title of Conference, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of chapter. Place: Publisher.

Leh, M.D. and S.G. Bajwa. 2007. "Land Use Change in NW Arkansas: Implications for Runoff Potential on the West Fork Watershed." In IEEE Region 5 Technical Conference, 2007, ed. Vasundara V. Varadan, 419-23. Piscataway, N.J. : IEEE.

Back to examples list

Electronic Published Conference Paper

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of publication, page numbers)

(Jones and Fowler 2011, 305-12)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Paper Author Last Name, Paper Author First Name. "Title of Paper." In Title of Conference, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of Paper. Place: Publisher, year. Accessed Month day, year. URL or Database.

Jones, Phillip J. and George J. Fowler. "The Limits of Democracy in Academic Libraries in a Revolutionary Age." In A Declaration of Interdependence: The Proceedings of the ACRL 2011 Conference, ed. Dawn M Mueller, 305-12. Chicago: ACRL, 2011. Accessed May 26, 2011. http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/events/national/acrl2011papers.cfm.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Paper Author Last Name, Paper Author First Name. Year. "Title of Paper." In Title of Conference, ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name, pages of Paper. Place: Publisher. Accessed Month day, year. URL or Database.

Jones, Phillip J. and George J. Fowler. 2011. "The Limits of Democracy in Academic Libraries in a Revolutionary Age." In A Declaration of Interdependence: The Proceedings of the ACRL 2011 Conference, ed. Dawn M Mueller, 305-12. Chicago: ACRL. Accessed May 26, 2011. http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/events/national/acrl2011papers.cfm.

Back to examples list

Government Document

With the 16th edition, the Manual now recommends that legal and government publications now follow a citation style based on The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law Review Association, 1991- ). Most citations in the Bluebook style use footnotes alone and do not include the same information in the bibliography.

See the Manual sections 14.281 - 14.304 for extensive guidance on citation formats for government documents. Below are some general examples for U.S. documents.

Print Government Document

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

Give sufficient information to identify the citation fully:

...Former Mayor Marc Morial testified to the Congressional Committee on Government Reform (109 Cong. September 15, 2005, 182-83)...

However, the Manual strongly encourages those citing legal and government materials extensively to use footnotes, rather than awkward in text citations. See section 15:55.

Back to examples list

Electronic Government Document

See the Manual section 14:282 for more detailed guidance. Note style for online documents is generally the same as print, with the addition of a URL. In general, an "accessed' date is not needed unless the document itself is undated.

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

Give sufficient information to identify the citation fully:

(H.R. Rep. 92-807 (1972))

Back to examples list

Unpublished Thesis or Dissertation

See section 14.224 of the Manual for more information. The titles of unpublished theses and dissertations are given in quotes, rather than in italics.

Print Thesis or Dissertation

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of thesis, page numbers)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name."Title of Thesis." Master's thesis or Ph.D. diss., school, year. (ProQuest abstract number, if available).

Mott, David N. "'Effects of Cattle Pasture Runoff on the Water Chemistry of the Buffalo River, Boxley Valley, Arkansas." Master's thesis, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, 1990.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. "Title of Thesis." Master's thesis or Ph.D. diss., school. (ProQuest abstract number, if available).

Mott, David N. 1990. "'Effects of Cattle Pasture Runoff on the Water Chemistry of the Buffalo River, Boxley Valley, Arkansas." Master's thesis, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.

Back to examples list

Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Author last name year of thesis, page numbers)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Author Last Name, Author First Name."Title of Thesis." Master's thesis or Ph.D. diss., school, year. (ProQuest abstract number, if available). URL or Database.

Zeller, Gary. "'If I ain't one, you won't find another one here': Race, identity, citizenship and land; the African Creek experience in the Indian Territory and Oklahoma, 1830--1910." Ph.D. diss, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, 2003. (ProQuest AAT 3122394). http://0-proquest.umi.com.library.uark.edu.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. "Title of Thesis." Master's thesis or Ph.D. diss., school. (ProQuest abstract number, if available). URL or Database.

Zeller, Gary. 2003. "'If I ain't one, you won't find another one here': Race, identity, citizenship and land; the African Creek experience in the Indian Territory and Oklahoma, 1830--1910." Ph.D. diss, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. (ProQuest AAT 3122394). http://0-proquest.umi.com.library.uark.edu.

Back to examples list

Web Page

See sections 14.243 - 14.246 of the Manual for more information. The Manual recommends that as much of the following information be included as is possible:

  • title or description of web site
  • the author of the content (if any)
  • the sponsor or host of the site
  • the last updated date or publication date

If no publication or last update date is available, include the date accessed.

The Manual recommends that web sites and blogs be treated in notes, rather than in bibliographies, in most cases.

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Note:

Chicago B In Text Citation:

(Website Name year)

(Rock Art of Arkansas 2007)

Chicago Notes / Bibliography Bibliography:

Page Author Last Name, Page Author First Name (if given). "Specific Page Title." Name of web site, last modified Month day, year or Accessed Month day, year. URL.

What is Rock Art?" Rock Art in Arkansas, last modified April 11, 2007. http://rockart.uark.edu/qfwhatisrockart.html.

Chicago Author / Date Reference List:

Page Author Last Name, Page Author First Name (if given) or page sponsor. Year. "Specific Page Title." Name of web site. Accessed Month day, year. URL.

What is Rock Art?" 2007. Rock Art in Arkansas. Accessed January 26, 2011. http://rockart.uark.edu/qfwhatisrockart.html.

Back to examples list

How to Cite A Dissertation

 

1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?

 

2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest/UMI?

 

3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA

 

1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?

The majority of dissertations done at institutions in the United States and Canada – including CIIS – and some dissertations from institutions in other countries are published through ProQuest/UMI.

The way to tell whether the work in question is published is to search their database, called ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (Members of the CIIS community can access it through our library Web site). If you find a record for the work in question, assume that it is published unless that record lists only an abstract (i.e., there’s no full text available and/or no link to order a copy). If you do not see it listed in this database, but know it was from a school in the United States, check with a reference librarian by sending an e-mail to askref [at] ciis [dot] edu.

If the dissertation is from an institution in another country, and not listed in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, see if you can find it through one of the other dissertation links on the CIIS Library Research Resources page.


2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest/UMI?

Follow the format specified in the most recent edition of the style manual you choose; and – if it is not already required by that style – include the ProQuest/UMI publication number in the References citation. Publication numbers are akin to the standard identification numbers for books (ISBNs), and will make it easier for future researchers using your work to unambiguously identify the work you are citing.

How can you find the publication number? Search for the item in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (available via the CIIS Library website). You will find it in the citation; publication numbers usually begin with the letters AAT, with several numbers following, as in these two examples:

I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph.D., California Institute of Integral Studies, 2010, 145 pages; AAT 3411606

Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management
by Kasai, Aya, M.A., California Institute of Integral Studies, 2008, 143 pages; AAT 1451129


3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA

APA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author. (year). Title in italics (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number])

Crowe, B. D. (2010). I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. AAT 3411606)

APA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author. (year). Title in italics (Master's thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number])

Kasai, A. (2008). Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management (Master's thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. AAT 1451129)

MLA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author. Title in italics. Dissertation, School. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, 2010. (Publication No. AAT 3411606.)

MLA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author. Title in italics. Thesis, School. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Kasai, Aya. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. Thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, 2008. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

Chicago citation format for a published dissertation:

Author, year. Title in italics. [Degree] dissertation, school. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan. 2010. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI. (Publication No. AAT 3411606.)

Chicago citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author, year. Title in italics. [Degree] thesis, school. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Kasai, Aya. 2008. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. MA thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

AAA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author
 year Title without italics. [Degree] dissertation, school. (Publication nbr. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan
 2010 I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. (Publication nbr. AAT 3411606.)

AAA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author
 year Title without italics. [Degree] thesis, school. (Publication nbr. [number].)

Kasai, Aya
 2008 Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. MA thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

revised 10/2010

 

0 thoughts on “Chicago Style Unpublished Dissertation”

    -->

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *