What Is So Important About Early Childhood Education?
Many people have reservations about the importance of pre-kindergarten education. This was clearly manifest in 2006 when the California legislature unsuccessfully attempted to pass a law that would make pre-school education mandatory for all children. Many Californians did not agree with the importance of using tax payer funds to fund mandatory pre-school programs, including parents desiring to educate their children themselves.
Research has show that children enrolled in Head Start programs benefit by receiving formal education before kindergarten. According to some studies, children enrolled in these programs are more behaved and have higher IQ scores upon enrolling kindergarten than their peers without formal education. Likewise, it was shown that children enrolled in Head Start programs learned quicker than children not enrolled in these programs.
Critics of pre-kindergarten education claim the differences between children enrolled in pre-school programs and children not receiving formal education are only discernible during kindergarten, first, and second grade. During subsequent years, children who've not received formal education prior to kindergarten test at the same level and behave like their peers with pre-kindergarten formal education. Therefore, Head Start children may be at an advantage for a couple of years, but after that, their classmates perform at similar levels. Another major problem with Head Start programs is that children qualifying for these programs usually come from families living below poverty-line, so these programs are not readily available for children from all backgrounds. However, children can receive formal education in other ways other than Head Start programs, including daycare and parents teaching their young children. Even though children in daycare programs can develop intellectually, children benefit most when parents stay at home with their children and educate them.
Most childhood education specialists claim that young children learn best when they're not pushed too hard, they have an opportunity to interact with their peers, and their parents and instructors treat them kindly. Likewise, children learn best when instruction and educational activities are only a small portion of their days. This is especially true of children enrolled in pre-school programs since it's not good for young children to be separated from their parents for extended periods of time. Children usually do not benefit in programs with inexperienced teachers and large classroom sizes.
Children taught at an early age usually benefit in the following ways: improved social skills, less or no need for special education instruction during subsequent school years, better grades, and enhanced attention spans. Likewise, some researchers have concluded that young children enrolled in pre-school programs usually graduate from high school, attend college, have fewer behavioral problems, and do not become involved with crime in their adolescent and young adult years.
The research detailing these benefits was completed during the 80's. In addition to benefiting children experiencing normal development, it was also shown that children with learning or other physical disabilities benefit immensely from pre-kindergarten education. Also, children with parents highly involved in their pre-kindergarten education do not experience the same positive results from Head Start programs as children coming from homes where it's not as much an emphasis. Children taught how to speak a second language during their early developmental years are also in a better position to learn English at a young age.
Many people do not feel the government should determine whether children should be required to receive formal pre-kindergarten education. One reason for this is children who are educated by their parents during their early developmental years experience the same benefits as children enrolled in pre-school programs, especially children receiving a lot of attention from parents. Parents deciding to educate their young children themselves should utilize creative ideas and activities when educating them.
No matter the differences in opinion about formal pre-kindergarten education, children benefit from receiving some type of education during their early developmental years. However, there is not one-size fits all instruction best suited for all children. While some children benefit immensely from pre-school, it may not be the best educational setting for other children. In most cases, children benefit most by receiving educational instruction from their parents. Parents must evaluate a child's unique personality before determining which program is best suited for a child since not all programs benefit children the same way.
Pre-Writing: Importance of music
Music emphasizes and ensures that facts and figures stick on one’s mind. Traditional settings in a bid to pass strong messages initially used music. In this context, music is well used by the children to learn lessons about life. It is so essential to enable fast understanding, and acts as a means that impact more in terms of knowledge to the receivers who are children.
Early education is embarked with its demerits and from music and its repetitive nature, important lessons about life are taught and learnt by the children themselves. The importance of Music can therefore never be over emphasized as it is the root of knowledge and music plays an important role in entertaining the minors and the juniors.
a) Importance of music
a) Aims of music
b) Main purpose
a. Music as a way to knowledge
b. Music and intelligence
c. Making of music
4. Music development
a. Learning process of a child about music
b. Music and young children
c. The difference between watching TV and listening to music
d. Music environment
e. Qualities of children at birth
f. Factors considered to carry out music
g. Music and talent
h. Why music should be encouraged during early childhood
Aims of music
The popularization of research from the study by the media shows that there is a casual relation between spatial reasoning and music training in children (Rauscher et al. 1993, 1970) has attracted the attention of many people and elicited mixed reaction from learners. As a result, the learners have to tell decision makers about other reasons for educating the children music in their childhood process.
The main reason of this paper is to research on the function of music that leads to its inclusion for its own sake in the curriculum for early childhood education.
Music as a way to knowledge
Music is the way to knowledge. According to Howard Gardner, music knowledge weighs the same with the importance of logical-mathematical knowledge, spatial intelligence, linguistic insight, intrapersonal intelligence, and interpersonal intelligence.
Music and intelligence
To Thomas Armstrong (1994)”intelligence is galvanized by participation in some culturally level activity, and that individual’s development in such doings adheres to a developing pattern: every activity possesses its own time arising in childhood. This is because music influences the way a young person thinks thus enhancing his/her intelligence.
Making of music
The making of music is a basic way of life skill similar to talking and walking. There is a suggestion that it is recommendable for children to be shown, trained in and be cultured by way of music for its own reason. It is a right from birth that all children to be able to sing in tune and dance to a beat (Levinowitz and Guilmartin 1989, 1992, 1996) to make sure a comprehensive learning experience, must be part of early childhood education. Practically the discussion that music learning is an extra finds no aim and support.
For music development, it is necessary to have music instruction in the early years of being a child. It has been widely researched since the Second World War. As it is evident in the initial observation of preparatory school the child’s musical life and educated us about the personality and course of their music behavior, the characteristic of music presentation of young children usually provide a passage for music physiologists and teachers can comprehend the formation of the child’s rising skills.
Learning process of a child about music
We have generally learned that a child from birth to approximately the age of six do not bring books the same way as the adults do bring it out. The early childhood is a period whereby rapid changes do occur to the developing child.
This period is the trickiest period in a Childs musical development. Even the smallest infant is trained to receive music and undermine it along with differences in regularity, melody, and stimuli.
Music and young children
During the years of birth to the age of six are tricky in acquiring the knowledge of how to unravel the aural descriptions of music and to grow psychological representations for arranging the music of the tradition. This process is the same with that which helps in the development of language at the time of “language bubble stage.”
The difference between watching TV and listening to music
Knowledge acquired through this avenue thus it further encourages the idea that, like language growth, young children grow in music through an expected order to basic musical competence. This involves singing in a tune and dancing to a beat. Consider this idea: in television, images are readily found for any channel: however in order to see one must have a cable box to decipher the images of music.
At this early childhood is where kids know about their world for the most part through the play, which has magical process. In particularly young children, the substance of play is usually comprised of objects within the environment and situations to which they have been left with.
If the musical environment were sufficiently wealthy, there would be an unbroken and ever wealthy spiral of exposure to the musical things, which are followed by the playful experimentations of the child with these elements.
It has been identified by that early childhood growth as the period on which development music amplitude. It was the time of these years musical amplitude, which relies on the complicated construction of audition, is in a position of transformation. This is because this child’s musical potential is vulnerable to negative or positive influences through both environment and instruction.
Without enough exposure and stimulation, a Childs little knowledge is put to test and learning during their musical play. The negative influence on the musical growth potential is disregarded. Hence, the inside potential for musical development may actually be a trophy.
Qualities of children at birth
All children are given birth to while having the amplitude to learn and speak properly and know their traditional language. All this children are born with amplitude to educate themselves and have the insight of their cultural music.
When the child has grown the mental illustration of his or her traditional music, the inner truth should make the external recital to be more exact.
Factors considered carrying out music
A research conducted request that the knowledge of the traditional music and the capability to perform accurately are unnecessary linked. The capability to carry out the music exactly may be contributed to by two factors. The first one being audition, which includes gaining of sound and the dispensation of it.
The other one is the performer’s procedural gain with their singing and body movements “instruments,” which are generally kinesthetic. In addition, to growth the mental representation or audition of music, is increased in the early years of a child. If in performance one is not properly budding, the ability to practice music vocally will not respond with the capability to think and analyze tonally.
Music and talent
The vocal variety is extremely wide starting from birth. Infants can experiment and imitate with their own vocal instruments and even have the same voice from three to four months of age. Persistently singing can start with twelve months.
During this time, grownups can identify scraps of songs to which young people have been opened to through this unrelenting publicity to oral chants and vocal play. These infants can develop the usage of their singing voices during the left childhood years thus also important in the development of talent.
Why music should be encouraged during early childhood
If the environment has supported the vocal development, most children will have to enter kindergarten while having to be able to use their singing voices. Unluckily, a recent research indicates a decrease in a student’s capability to use their singing voices in the past twenty years. In fact, less half of the nursery school age kids were able to distinguish between their speaking voices and singing when performing a known song. This maybe the consequence of missing the time key to grow the singing voice during their early childhood days in the course of playful activities and thoughtful grown-up assistance.
Both the traditions and contemporary study of many customs of many societies have confirmed an insightful link connecting rhythm and movement. The research of tempo in their bodies prior to them can hopefully audit the beat in their minds.
The early years in childhood, especially if grownups realize the significance of early motor development and interaction with language .the years are also crucial for dancing or by means of the body in response to beats in many different types of music. Good harmonious instruments can then turn out to be amplifications of the body ability to be expressive musically.
It is of paramount importance to note that music increases the chances of good casual relationships within children. This implies that the learning abilities of children are raised when they are introduced to music during their early years. Music increases children’s thinking capacity and imagination because they have to decipher the tune as well as the tone of the music they are listening and this increases their imagination. Children’s minds are like a blank piece of paper that is ready to register anything that is happening around. Music increases imagination among children something, which is very good for their learning.
a) Hitchcock, H. Wiley, and Stanley Sadie. The New Grove dictionary of American music. New York, N.Y.: Grove’s Dictionaries of Music, 1986. Print.
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b) Mays, Dorothy A. Women in early America: struggle, survival, and freedom in a new world. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2004. Print.
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c) Morris, Lawrence. Daily life through world history in primary documents. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2009. Print.
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d.) Nespeca, Sue McCleaf, and Joan B. Reeve. Picture books plus: 100 extension activities in art, drama, music, math, and science. Chicago: American Library Association, 2003. Print.
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e.) Smithrim, Katharine, and Rena Brigit Upitis. Listen to their voices: research and practice in early childhood music. Toronto: Canadian Music Educator’s [i.e. Educators’] Association, 2007. Print.
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