The Way to Rainy Mountain, illustrated by Al Momaday, is both a eulogy for the demise of an active tribal identity and a celebration of the potential for its perpetuity in individual tribal consciousness. Divided into three major parts, “The Setting Out,” “The Going On,” and the “Closing In,” the text has twenty-four numbered sections.
Each section is also separated into three passages, clearly delineated by three unique typescripts. Until section 20, the first passage is a translation of Kiowa myth, the second concerns Kiowa history, and the third is written from the author’s own experience. (Momaday’s sources for the first two excerpts originate in both familial and tribal heritage.) A gradual composite begins to form as the author claims the elements for his own mythic heritage.
The book both begins and ends with a poem. The introductory poem, “Headwater,” is a lyric description of the Kiowa emergence into the world. The Kiowa became what they dreamed. They were what they saw. Coming down from the mountains, never an agrarian people, the tribe adapted to its new environment as nomadic warriors and horsemen. Although they learned quickly from the Crow and were befriended by Tai-me, who became the focal point of their Sun Dance culture, the Kiowa did not long flourish. Tribal division and a series of disasters in the 1800’s decimated the tribe. A meteor shower was taken to symbolize the destruction of the old...
(The entire section is 482 words.)
Momaday's The Way to Rainy Mountain: Summary
N. Scott Momaday divides his book The Way to Rainy Mountain in an
interesting manner. The book is divided into three chapters, each of which
contains a dozen or so numbered sections, each of which is divided into three
parts. The first part of each numbered section tends to be a legend or a story
of the Kiowa culture. However, this characteristic changes a bit as the book
evolves, as does the style and feel of the stories.
The first passage in the first numbered section describes the Kiowa
creation myth. It tells that they came into the world through a hollow log. The
next ones tell of a dog saving the life of a man, the story of how Tai-me became
part of their culture, and other stories. These, especially in the first
beginning of the first part, are stories which relate timeless tales. The events
described took place long ago, though nobody knows how long. In addition, the
endings of the tales would probably be described as having a good outcome. The
people were created and they found friends in the physical and spiritual world.
The first part of the book describes the beginning of the Kiowa culture and
Towards the end of the first part, the tone of the stories changes.
Instead of describing different stories each time, they begin to tell a story
which continues through six numbered sections. The story relates the life of a
baby who grows into the sun's wife who then has a child who becomes two
children, who become honored people in the eyes of the Kiowa. These stories do
not explain things like the creation of the people, or the reason dogs and men
are friends, or the origin of Tai-me. They tell what happened to some people.
The last part of the book, the last third, is mostly narrative. Instead
of telling myths to explain things, Momaday tells stories which relate events
without any significant outcome. Also, in contrast to the first part of the book,
the outcomes seem to be bad ones, or at least not fulfilling. They describe, for
a large part, people whom he knows existed and were related to or were friends
of his family. One story tells about Mammedaty, who heard someone whistling to
him, but could not find the person. Another tells about how Mammedaty was having
trouble with a horse, so he shot an arrow at it, but missed and killed another
horse. These endings do not leave the reader or listener with a good feeling
about the story.
These changes in the stories show an important development in the
character of the Kiowa and of Momaday himself. As time progresses, Momaday
learns more about his culture. The Kiowa begin as distant detached people with
outlandish myths and extraordinary happenings. However, as time passes and his
journey to Rainy Mountain progresses, the Kiowa become more close to home. The
legends he starts with become stories of his family and their friends at the end.
He tells of Mammedaty and Aho, a relative and friend. There are many stories he
can relate about each of them. This shows that Momaday has found the true
meaning of the Kiowa legends. While the myths remain supernatural and explain
key points of their being, the stories are about people. While some stories may
not be completely true, they are based on the past of the tribe.
The stories of the last part do not describe dogs or spiders talking to
people, or the sun wedding a woman. They describe things which are easily
conceivable, even to people who do not understand the Kiowa's beliefs. The first
passage of the last numbered section even describes the location of something by
saying that it is "East of my grandmother's house." Momaday has become part of
the Kiowa, telling stories which have been told only a few times before, or
possible never at all, where they can join the others.
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Related TopicsKiowaN. Scott MomadayThe Way to Rainy MountainRainy MountainCreation mythHouse Made of DawnGourd Dance
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