Lincoln Rafael Díaz-Balart (born Lincoln Rafael Díaz-Balart y Caballero; August 13, 1954) is a Cuban-American attorney, consultant, and human rights advocate. He was the U.S. Representative for Florida's 21st congressional district from 1993 to 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party. He previously served in the Florida House of Representatives and the Florida Senate. He retired from Congress in 2011 and his younger brother, Mario Díaz-Balart, who had previously represented Florida's 25th congressional district, succeeded him. He is currently chairman of the Congressional Hispanic Leadership Institute (www.chli.org) and is active in El Instituto La Rosa Blanca (The White Rose Institute)(www.larosablanca.org). After leaving Congress, he started a law practice (Diaz-Balart, PLLC) and a consulting firm (Western Hemisphere Strategies, LLC), both based in Miami, Florida.
Early life and education
Díaz-Balart was born in Havana, Cuba, to the late Cuban politician Rafael Díaz-Balart and Hilda Caballero Brunet. His aunt, Mirta Díaz-Balart, was the first wife of the late Fidel Castro. Her son, and his cousin was the late Dr. Fidel Ángel "Fidelito" Castro Díaz-Balart. His uncle is the Cuban-Spanish painter, Waldo Díaz-Balart.
He was educated at American School of Madrid, Madrid, Spain; New College of Florida; and Case Western Reserve University, from which he earned a law degree. He was involved in a Miami private practice for several years before holding elective office.
In 1982, he ran for a Florida House of Representatives seat for District 113 as a Democrat and lost to the Republican, Humberto Cortina.
Díaz-Balart, as well as his immediate family, were all members of the Democratic Party. Díaz-Balart was the former president of the Dade County Young Democrats and the Florida Young Democrats, as well as a member of the executive committee of the Dade County Democratic Party. On April 24, in 1985, Diaz-Balart along with his wife and brother Mario switched their registration to Republican.
Díaz-Balart served in the Florida House of Representatives as a republican from 1986 to 1989 and served in the Florida Senate from 1989 to 1992.
U.S. House of Representatives
Congressional Committee Assignments
In general, Diaz-Balart's voting record has been moderate by Republican standards. His lifetime rating from the American Conservative Union is 73.
In 1994, he was one of only three Republican incumbents not to sign the Republican Contract with America. He objected to provisions in its welfare reform section that would deny federal programs to legal immigrants.
In 2006, he voted against the Federal Marriage Amendment and in 2009 voted for the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, which expanded the federal hate crime law to include a person's perceived gender, sexual orientation, identity or disability. In December 2010, Diaz-Balart was one of fifteen Republican House members to vote in favor of repealing the United States military's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" ban on openly gay service members.
He was a sponsor of the Homeland Security Act. He was a sponsor of the DREAM Act which seeks to facilitate access for illegal immigrant students to post-secondary education by allowing states to have power to determine requirements for in-state tuition. He remains a steadfast proponent of comprehensive immigration reform. He has been a key figure in south Florida bringing millions of dollars to the community most notably one hundred million dollars to the US Southern Command, which is housed in district 21.
He achieved passage into law of historic pieces of legislation – such as the Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA), and the codification of the U.S. embargo on Cuba (requiring that all political prisoners be freed and multi-party elections scheduled in Cuba before U.S. sanctions can be lifted). Diaz-Balart took the rule to the floor of the House for passage of the legislation that created the Department of Homeland Security and the extension (for 25 years) of the Voting Rights Act.
Diaz-Balart plays a prominent role in the Cuban-American lobby, and was active in the attempt by relatives of Elian Gonzalez to gain custody of the six-year-old from his Cuban father.
Diaz-Balart has advocated an oil embargo on the Cuban regime. His codification into law of U.S. sanctions prevents the U.S. Administration from normalizing economic relations with Cuba before a democratic transition is underway on the island. El Instituto La Rosa Blanca works to keep up to date the plan for the reconstruction of post-Castro Cuba drafted by the late Rafael Diaz-Balart, who founded La Rosa Blanca as the first organization to fight the Castro regime, in New York, in January 1959.
Congressman Diaz-Balart was a member of the Congressional Cuba Democracy Caucus.
Diaz-Balart was an advocate of the improved treatment of Haitian immigrants. He was a strong supporter HRIFA, legislation that provided for the legalization of many Haitian immigrants. More recently, Diaz-Balart has called for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to include Haitian nationals. TPS provides immediate and temporary relief from deportation.
In March 2010, Diaz-Balart publicly called the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act “a decisive step in the weakening of the United States.” 
2008 Financial crisis
On September 29, 2008, Diaz-Balart voted against the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 "American taxpayers should not have to foot the bill for the irresponsible behavior of Wall Street executives. The average citizen is forced to play by the rules, yet many who did not now get a massive bailout from taxpayers in this plan. This is fundamentally unfair. By bailing out reckless behavior we encourage future reckless behavior."
1992 Through 1998
In 1992, Diaz-Balart defeated fellow State Senator Javier Souto in the Republican primary for the newly created 21st District. No other party put up a candidate, assuring Diaz-Balart's election. He was unopposed for reelection in 1994, 1996, 2000 and 2002 and defeated Democrat, Patrick Cusack, with 75 percent in 1998.
2004 and 2006
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Florida, 2006
In both 2004 and 2006, Lincoln Diaz-Balart was unsuccessfully challenged by Frank J. Gonzalez, a Libertarian Party candidate in 2004 and Democrat in 2006. In 2004 Diaz-Balart won with 73% of the vote. In 2006, Diaz-Balart won with 59% of the vote.
In 2004, Gonzalez ran for U.S. House as the Libertarian Party candidate and spent around $12,000 and earned 54,736 votes or 27% of the total.
In 2006, Gonzalez managed to earn 45,522 votes or 41% according to the Florida Department of State's Division of Elections website.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Florida, 2008 § District 21
Diaz-Balart's Democratic opponent in 2008 was former Hialeah Mayor Raul L. Martinez. It was initially thought that Diaz-Balart would face his toughest race to date. Although the 21st District is considered the most Republican district in the Miami area, Martinez was thought to be very popular in the area. Nevertheless, Diaz-Balart won re-election with 58% of the vote.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Florida, 2010 § District 21
In February 2010, Diaz-Balart announced his intention not to seek re-election. His brother, Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart, ran to succeed him and won.
Díaz-Balart is married to Cristina Fernandez and had two children: Lincoln Jr. and Daniel. Lincoln died on May 19, 2013, at the age of 29. His family said he had battled depression for many years.
Díaz-Balart's brother, Mario Díaz-Balart, previously represented the 25th district of Florida but now represents the 21st district. He has two other brothers, Jose Diaz-Balart, a journalist, and Rafael Díaz-Balart, a consultant.
- ^The Miami Herald; Emotions Racing in Little Havana, October 31, 1982
- ^The Miami Herald, Latin Opponents Take Traditional Party Stands by Elizabeth Morgan, October 10, 1982
- ^El Nuevo Herald, Díaz-Balart Se Pasa Al Partido Republicano, April 24, 1985
- ^http://www.acuratings.org/2007all.htm#FLArchived 2008-07-31 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^"Hispanic Americans in Congress". Library of Congress.
- ^United States House of Representatives Roll Call Vote on H.R. 1913
- ^Chris Geidner, House Passes DADT Repeal BillArchived 2013-10-21 at the Wayback Machine., Metro Weekly (December 15, 2010).
- ^House Vote 638 – Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'Archived 2016-01-18 at the Wayback Machine., New York Times (December 15, 2010).
- ^Lincoln Diaz-Balart – United States CongressmanArchived 2007-04-26 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^Politicization of Elian Gonzalez Often at Cross-Purposes With Law. CNN transcripts.
- ^Lincoln Diaz-Balart – United States CongressmanArchived 2007-11-29 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^Pear, Robert; Herszenhorn, David M. (March 22, 2010). "Obama Hails Vote on Health Care as Answering 'the Call of History'". New York Times.
- ^"Final Roll Call Vote, On Motion to Concur in Senate Amendments to Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
- ^"Bailout Roll Call"(PDF). 2008-09-29. Retrieved September 29, 2008.
- ^"Update on Financial Crisis Legislation-From Congressman Lincoln Diaz-Balart". Real Estate Services with RealEstateLatino.com. October 1, 2008.
- ^"Mario Diaz-Balart Will Run to Succeed His Brother". Roll Call. 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^Chang, Daniel (2010-04-30). "Lively House races on the ballot – Political Currents". MiamiHerald.com. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^Caputo, Marc. "IP: Lincoln Gabriel Diaz-Balart, 29". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- ^Benedetti, Ana (May 20, 2013). "Lincoln Gabriel Diaz-Balart, U.S. Representative's Nephew, Dies At 29". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart currently serves on the House Committee on Appropriations and three of its subcommittees.
Congress's primary responsibility for federal spending deals with discretionary allocations. The House - as well as the Senate - Appropriations Committees write the legislation that allocates federal funds to numerous government agencies, departments,and organizations on an annual basis. Appropriations are limited to the levels set by the Budget Resolution, drafted by the House Budget Committee.
The committee consists of 12 subcommittee that are tasked with drafting legislation to allocate funds to government agencies within their jurisdiction. Each subcommittee has a Chair and Vice-Chair, and are responsible for reviewing the President's budget request, hearing testimony from government officials, and drafting the spending plans for the coming fiscal year. The subcommittees work is passed on to the full House Appropriations Committee, which may choose to modify the bills and then forward them to the full House for consideration.
JURISDICTION OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS Rule X of the Rules of the House vests in the Committee on Appropriations broad responsibility over the Federal budget. Specifically the Rule defines the Committee's jurisdiction, as follows: "Rule X clause (b). Committee on Appropriations. (1) Appropriation of the revenue for the support of the Government. (2) Rescissions of appropriations contained in appropriations Acts. (3) Transfers of unexpected balances. (4) Bills and joint resolutions reported by other committees that provide new entitlement authority as defined in section 3(9) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and referred to the committee under clause 4(a)(2)."